Menstrual hygiene management mhm refers to management of hygiene associated. Reproductive systems and the menstrual cycle 39 male and female reproductive systemsinclude all of the structures and organs involved in fertilization and implantation. Menstruation occurs every 28 days or so between puberty and menopause, except during pregnancy, and the flow lasts about 5 days, the times varying from woman to woman. Proper usage and audio pronunciation plus ipa phonetic transcription of the word menstruation. Menstruation is a natural fact of life and a monthly occurrence for the 1. Menstruation definition, the periodic discharge of blood and mucosal tissue from the uterus, occurring approximately monthly from puberty to menopause in nonpregnant women and females of other primate species. If no pregnancy occurs, the uterus, or womb, sheds its lining. Menstruation article about menstruation by the free. Menstrual disorders reproductive age in the reproductive age, psychologic causes of menstrual disorers involve marital and sex life, a detailed history might reveal significant events that precedes anovulatory episodes. Menstruate meaning in the cambridge english dictionary. The periodic blood that flows as a discharge from the uterus. During the follicular phase, the rise in a womans oestrogen levels causes gonadotropin. Menstruation is a natural process that is part of a womans reproductive health.
Full text full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. The first period usually begins between twelve and fifteen years of age, a point in time known as menarche. A period is the 2 to 7 days that a girl or woman has her menstrual flow, which is when blood and tissue leave her body through her vagina why does this happen. Menstruation definition of menstruation by medical dictionary.
An accepted definition of menstrual hygiene management mhm is. This paper discusses about the beliefs and norms in different religions and also how society deals with menstruation. Abnormal uterine bleeding disorder is of three types heavy menstrual bleeding, no menstrual bleeding amenorrhea and bleeding between the two periods metrorrhagia. Although its focus is predominantly subsaharan africa, many of the issues raised are relevant to girls in most lowincome countries, although there may be differences in popular practice and beliefs. Normalising menstruation, empowering girls the lancet child. An abortion is when a pregnancy is ended, or terminated. Hormones act as chemical messengers to another body structure or gland.
The medical definition of menopause is one year without a period and typically occurs between 45 and 55 in western countries. Menstrual health education resource teaching and training tips this resource can be used to develop lessons for schoolgirls or it can be used to train teachers or womens groups to teach girls themselves. Menstruation is a monthly challenge for billions of women and girls worldwide. Women may experience problems with their periods, which can include heavy bleeding and painful periods. Menstruation definition of menstruation by the free. These are just a few examples of good practice concerning. More information on simavi, such as our theory of change, strategies and. In many lowincome and middleincome countries, access to sanitary products such as pads, tampons, or cups is limited, and girls often resort to using proxy materials such as mud, leaves, or animal skins to try to absorb the. Menstruation is the approximately monthly discharge of blood from the body by nonpregnant women. Introduction to representations of the menstrual cycle article pdf available in women s studies 402. Menstruation definition of menstruation by the free dictionary. Menstruation definition and meaning collins english dictionary.
Also called menorrhea, the time during which menstruation occurs is referred to as menses. A period is the 2 to 7 days that a girl or woman has her menstrual flow, which is when blood and tissue leave her body through her vagina. The term ovulation refers to the release of a mature egg from the ovary. Perimenopause is when fertility in a female declines, and menstruation occurs less regularly in the years leading up to the final menstrual period, when a female stops menstruating completely and is no longer fertile. Every month, millions of adolescent girls around the world face a miserable cycle of pain, discomfort, shame, anxiety, and isolation when their menstrual period arrives. If you do not get pregnant, your hormone levels estrogen and progesterone begin falling. When a woman menstruates, blood flows from her uterus for a few days every month. Menstruation hygiene management for schoolgirls this guide outlines the problems experienced by menstruating schoolgirls in lowincome countries. Top questions about your menstrual cycle womens health. They arent informed well, hence they tend to hold several misconceptions. In broad strokes, the nature of change in menstrual bleeding patterns as women approach and transition through the menopause were well defined over forty years ago by the classic menstrual calendar studies of treloar 1, vollman 2 and others 3, 4.
The female reproductive cycle involves both the development of an egg in the. Understanding your menstrual cycle womens health queensland. Information and translations of menstruation in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. Our current attribution of menopause, defined retrospectively after 12 months of amenorrhea have been observed and derived from the. Menstruation definition of menstruation by medical.
An opportunity to address menstrual health and gender equity. Get a printable copy pdf file of the complete article 538k, or click on a page image below. Around the ages of 45 to 55, women usually no longer have periods. Reproductive systems and the menstrual cycle key points understanding the female reproductive cycle is essential for understanding how pregnancy occurs and how family planning methods work to prevent it. By including an evaluation of the menstrual cycle as an additional vital sign. Get a printable copy pdf file of the complete article 538k, or click on a page image below to browse page by page.
The purpose of menstruation is to renew the endometrium so that it is in a suitable state to ensure implantation of a fertilized egg ovum. Add menstruation to one of your lists below, or create a new one. The menstrual cycle and its relation to contraceptive methods. Full text is available as a scanned copy of the original print version. It is composed of several sections called nuclei, each of which controls a specific function. The average duration of menstruation is 46 days, but the normal range can be 28 days. Menstruation or menses is the natural bodily process of releasing blood and associated matter from the uterus through the vagina as part of the menstrual cycle. Period of time where a woman passes from the reproductive stage of life to the menopause.
The menses occurs at approximately 4 week intervals to compose the menstrual cycle. To learn why it happens and how it fits into the menstrual cycle, check out this lesson. Normalising menstruation, empowering girls the lancet. Top questions about your menstrual cycle menstruation is a womans monthly bleeding, often called your period. Why it is important that girls learn proper menstrual health management 2. Menstruation article about menstruation by the free dictionary. Definition of menstruation noun in oxford advanced learners dictionary. Sometimes a fertilised egg or embryo is lost naturally. Perceptions regarding menstruation and practices during. This is known as a spontaneous abortion or miscarriage, and happens in about one in four known pregnancies.
Important points to consider before facilitating a menstruation teaching session with girls. Since 1977, smcr has held biennial conferences which feature presentations about all aspects of the menstrual cycle, including those that involve research, theory, public policy, health care, clinical applications, art and activism related to physiological,sociocultural, psychological, or crosscultural aspects of the menstrual cycle. Menstruation often commences between the ages of 12 and, although it can commence at any time between 9 and 17 years of age. For most women, a normal menstrual cycle ranges from 21 to 35 days.
Menstruation meaning in the cambridge english dictionary. Menstruation menstruation, or having a monthly period, is a normal and natural function of most womens bodies. Adolescence in india has been defined to be a period between 1018 years. History of broken relationships, alcoholism or drug addiction and school or social pressures. The results divided social representations of menstruation into two levels.
Menstruation definition of menstruation by merriamwebster. Menstrual hygiene medical womens international association. The monthly flow of blood and cellular debris from the uterus that begins at puberty in women and the females of certain other primates. Hormones are chemicals produced by glands and structures in the body. Menstruation definition is a cyclical discharging of blood, secretions, and tissue debris from the uterus that recurs in nonpregnant breedingage primate females at approximately monthly intervals and that is considered to represent a readjustment of the uterus to the nonpregnant state following proliferative changes accompanying the preceding ovulation. Single source chm, pdf, doc and html help creation. Test your vocabulary with our fun image quizzes pyright1 pyright2 image credits. Menstruation is controlled by the hypothalamus hypothalamus, an important supervisory center in the brain, rich in ganglia, nerve fibers, and synaptic connections.
Menstrual hygiene management of adolescent school girls and nuns. Menstrual hygiene management mhm has been defined as. This publication was produced by intrah at the university of north. Hygienerelated practices of adolescents during menstruation are. Marked by irregular cycles and climacteric symptoms. Total time 125 minutes module objectives when the training has finished, teachers will have developed an understanding of the following. Menstrual disorders reproductive age excessive regular cyclical bleeding or menorrhagia. However, other, more serious menstrual problems may also occur. Menstruation, also known as a period or monthly, is the regular discharge of blood and mucosal tissue known as menses from the inner lining of the uterus through the vagina. This leads to a lot of inconvenience for young girls. Menstruation, are examples of contemporary menstrual activism.
Menstruation, or period, is normal vaginal bleeding that occurs as part of a womans monthly cycle. As cochrane notes, these texts share a common theme not. The menstrual blood is partly blood and partly tissue from inside the uterus. Unit 3 reproductive systems and the menstrual cycle. Each month, blood and tissue build up in the uterus to prepare for a fertilized egg in case a woman becomes pregnant. Menstruation definition and meaning collins english. For a more in depth discussion the reader is referred to the references and links section. Menarche is the onset of menstruation, the time when a girl has her first menstrual period. Menstruation period, menstrual cycle is a process that a woman goes through each month. The practices mentioned may not be the norm in every household.1138 320 1220 297 24 205 1117 420 1479 1109 495 856 1405 76 1481 655 355 1014 1220 1319 617 358 1551 659 1344 769 1235 1090 185 1237 357 869 1452 372 1315 1301 1246